Verses to review today: 1 John 4:1-19
New Verse: 1 John 4:20


If anyone says, “I love God,” and hates his brother, he is a liar; for he who does not love his brother whom he has seen cannot love God whom he has not seen. (ESV)

If a man say, I love God, and hateth his brother, he is a liar: for he that loveth not his brother whom he hath seen, how can he love God whom he hath not seen? (KJV)

Greek: ἐάν τις εἴπῃ ὅτι ἀγαπῶ τὸν θεὸν καὶ τὸν ἀδελφὸν αὐτοῦ μισῇ, ψεύστης ἐστίν• ὁ γὰρ μὴ ἀγαπῶν τὸν ἀδελφὸν αὐτοῦ ὃν ἑώρακεν, τὸν θεὸν ὃν οὐχ ἑώρακεν οὐ δύναται ἀγαπᾶν.

Transliterated Greek: ean tis eipē hoti agapō ton theon kai ton adelphon autou misē, pseustēs estin• ho gar mē agapōn ton adelphon autou hon heōraken, ton theon hon ouch heōraken ou dynatai agapan.

Literal Word for Word Translation: If anyone says that I love God and hates his brother, he is a liar. For the one who is not loving his brother whom he has seen, he is not able to love God whom he has not seen.

Vocab: τις, tis, anyone/anything/someone/something; εἴπῃ, eipē, if he says; μισῇ, misē, if he hates; ψεύστης, pseustēs, liar; ἑώρακεν, heōraken, he has seen; δύναται, dynatai, he is able/has power.

Commentary: The verse is not talking about disuptes with a brother, but the unwillingness of a person to love his brother in Christ. The unwillingness demonstrates a lack of understanding or acceptance of God’s love such that the person does not have the ability to love others. If anything, it is easier to prove love to someone you can see than one you can’t. We can say we love God all day, but unless we are loving others as He loves us, what we say doesn’t match up with what we actually do.